Mercer | Quality of Living 2016

Newsroom

Western European Cities Top Quality of Living Ranking ‒ Mercer

  • February 23, 2016
  • United States, New York
  • Vienna takes the top spot globally, Baghdad ranks lowest
  • San Francisco is the top-ranked city in the United States, Detroit ranks lowest
  • Personal safety key factor in determining expat quality of living
  • Luxembourg ranks highest for personal safety; Baghdad lowest

Despite recent security issues, social unrest, and concern about the region’s economic outlook, European cities continue to offer some of the world’s highest quality of living, according to Mercer’s 18th annual Quality of Living Survey. Safety, in particular, is a key factor for multinationals to consider when sending expatriate workers abroad, both because it raises concerns about the expat’s personal safety and because it has a significant impact on the cost of global compensation programs.

“Heightened domestic and global security threats, population displacement resulting from violence, and social unrest in key business centers around the world are all elements adding to the complex challenge facing multinational companies when analyzing the safety and health of their expatriate workforces,” said Ilya Bonic, Senior Partner and President of Mercer’s Talent business. “Multinational companies need accurate data and objective methods to determine the cost implications of deteriorating living standards and personal safety issues when compensating expatriates.”

Vienna continues its reign in the top spot for overall quality of living, followed by Zurich (2), Auckland (3), and Munich (4). Vancouver (5) is North America’s highest ranking city, and Singapore is the highest ranking Asian city, holding 26th place. Mercer’s survey also identifies the personal safety ranking for the full list of cities; it is based on internal stability, crime levels, performance of local law enforcement, and the home country’s relationship with other countries. Luxembourg tops the personal safety list and is followed by Bern, Helsinki, and Zurich – all tied in 2nd place. Baghdad (230) and Damascus (229) are the world’s least safe cities, according to the ranking.

Mercer’s authoritative survey is one of the world’s most comprehensive, and is conducted annually to enable multinational companies and other employers to compensate employees fairly when placing them on international assignments. Employee incentives include a quality-of-living allowance and a mobility premium.* Mercer’s Quality of Living Survey provides valuable data as well as hardship premium recommendations for over 450 cities throughout the world; this year’s ranking includes 230 of these cities.

“Ensuring that the needs of expatriates and their families are met wherever work takes them is an essential part of talent retention and recruitment strategies for most multinationals,” said Slagin Parakatil, Principal at Mercer responsible for the quality of living research. “Managing safety and health issues is of utmost importance, especially for employees who relocate with a family. Our surveys enable companies to take adequate precautions for them.

Mr. Parakatil added, “Other elements that add to safety costs in the host location are obtaining suitable and well secured accommodation; having an in-house comprehensive expatriate security program and providing access to reputable professional evacuation services and medical support firms, and finally, providing security training and guarded office premises.”

Americas

Quality of living remains high in North America, where Canadian cities dominate the top of the list. Vancouver (5) is the highest ranking city, followed by Toronto (15) and Ottawa (17). In the United States, San Francisco (28) ranks highest for quality of living, followed by Boston (34), Honolulu (35), Chicago (43), and New York City (44). In Mexico, Monterrey (108) is the highest ranking city. The lowest ranking cities in North America are Monterrey (108) and Mexico City (127) and for the Caribbean, Havana (191) and Port-au-Prince (227). In South America, Montevideo (78), Buenos Aires (93), and Santiago (94) remain the highest ranking cities for quality of living, whereas Bogota (130), La Paz (156), and Caracas (185) rank lowest.

Canadian cities all rank high for personal safety, with Calgary, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, and Vancouver sharing 16th place. Kingston (199), Tegucigalpa (201), and Port-au-Prince (211) have the lowest levels of personal safety in the region. In 96th place, Montevideo is South America’s highest ranking city for personal safety; Caracas (214) is the lowest.

Steve Nurney, Leader of Mercer’s Global Mobility Practice for North America, explained, “Most North American cities remain fairly safe for expatriates. But Mexican cities are ranked relatively low, mainly because of drug-related violence. The recent increase of unemployment in Latin America and Caribbean countries, along with the economic downturn and political instability in some of these countries, explains relatively low rankings in personal safety across the region.”

Europe

Despite economic uncertainties, Western European cities continue to enjoy some of the highest quality of living worldwide; they fill seven places in the top 10 list. Vienna continues to lead the ranking and has done so in the last seven published rankings. It is followed by Zurich (2), Munich (4), Dusseldorf (6), Frankfurt (7), Geneva (8), and Copenhagen (9). In 69th place, Prague is the highest ranking city in Central and Eastern Europe, followed by Ljubljana (76) and Budapest (77). The lowest ranking cities in Europe are Kiev (176), Tirana (179), and Minsk (190).

European cities also dominate the top of the personal safety ranking with Luxembourg in the lead, followed by Bern, Helsinki, and Zurich, which are tied for the number two spot. Vienna ranks 5th Geneva and Stockholm are placed jointly in 6th and Copenhagen, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich, and Nurnberg all share 11th place. A number of key or capital cities rank considerably lower as many suffered either terrorist attacks or social unrest in the last few years; examples include Paris (71), London (72), Madrid (84), and Athens (124).The recent political and economic turmoil in Greece, which resulted in violent demonstrations in Athens and other cities in the country, has undermined its safety ranking. Kiev (189), St. Petersburg (197), and Moscow (206) rank lowest for personal safety in the region.

Asia-Pacific

The vast region of Asia has considerable variation in quality of living. In 26th place, Singapore remains its highest ranking city, whereas Dhaka (214) is the lowest. Following Singapore in Southeastern Asia is Kuala Lumpur (86). Other key cities include Bangkok (129), Manila (136), and Jakarta (142). Japanese cities rank highest in Eastern Asia, with Tokyo in 44th place. Other notable cities are Hong Kong (70), Taipei (84), Shanghai (101), and Beijing (118).

For personal safety, the rankings for Asian cities again vary greatly. Singapore (8) ranks highest overall and is followed by five Japanese cities—Kobe, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, and Yokohama—that are tied for 32nd place. Other key cities include Hong Kong (37), Taipei (78), Beijing (97), Seoul (115), New Delhi (142), and Jakarta (172). Following considerable political unrest and terrorist attacks in several tourist areas over the last few years, Bangkok ranked 173rd for personal safety.

New Zealand and Australia have some of the highest quality of living worldwide. Auckland ranks 3rd globally, Sydney 10th, Wellington 12th, and Melbourne 15th. For personal safety, Pacific cities also rank high, with Auckland and Wellington sharing 9th place. Canberra, Melbourne, Perth, and Sydney share 25th place.

Middle East and Africa

Dubai (75) continues to rank highest for quality of living across Africa and the Middle East, followed by Abu Dhabi (81) and Port Louis (83) in Mauritius. The South African cities of Durban, Cape Town, and Johannesburg rank 85th, 92nd, and 95th, respectively. Baghdad (230) ranks lowest regionally and worldwide.

Only a handful of cities in this region place in the top 100 for personal safety with Abu Dhabi ranking highest in 23rd place, followed by Muscat (29), Dubai (40), and Port Louis (59). The upcoming host of the 2022 FIFA World Cup, Doha, ranks 70th for personal safety. Regional geopolitics is highly volatile and characterised by safety concerns, political turmoil, and an elevated risk of terrorism. The lowest ranking cities in the region are Damascus (229) and Baghdad (230), both of which have witnessed continual violence and terrorist attacks that weigh upon the daily life of locals and expatriates.

-Ends-


Notes to Editors

Mercer produces worldwide quality-of-living rankings annually from its Worldwide Quality of Living Surveys. Individual reports are produced for each city surveyed. Moreover, comparative quality-of-living indexes between a base city and host city are available, as are multiple-city comparisons. Details are available from Mercer Client Services in Warsaw, at +48 22 434 5383 or at www.mercer.com/qualityofliving.

The data was largely analyzed between September and November 2015, and it will be updated regularly to account for changing circumstances. In particular, the assessments will be revised to reflect significant political, economic, and environmental developments.

The information and data obtained through the Quality of Living reports are for information purposes only and are intended for use by multinational organizations, government agencies, and municipalities. They are not designed or intended for use as the basis for foreign investment or tourism. In no event will Mercer be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance of the results obtained through the use of, or the information or data contained in, the reports. While the reports have been prepared based upon sources, information, and systems believed to be reliable and accurate, they are provided on an “as-is” basis, and Mercer accepts no responsibility/liability for the validity/accuracy (or otherwise) of the resources/data used to compile the reports. Mercer and its affiliates make no representations or warranties with respect to the reports, and disclaim all express, implied and statutory warranties of any kind, including, representations and implied warranties of quality, accuracy, timeliness, completeness, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose.

Expatriates in Difficult Locations: Determining Appropriate Allowances and Incentives

Companies need to determine expatriate compensation packages rationally, consistently, and systematically using reliable data. Providing incentives to reward and recognize the effort that employees and their families make when taking on international assignments remains a typical practice, particularly for difficult locations.

Two common incentives include a quality-of-living allowance and a mobility premium:

§   A quality of living or “hardship” allowance compensates for a decrease in the quality of living between home and host locations.

§   A mobility premium simply compensates for the inconvenience of being uprooted and having to work in another country.

A quality of living allowance is typically location-related, while a mobility premium is usually independent of the host location. Some multinational companies combine these premiums, but the vast majority provides them separately.

Quality of Living: City Benchmarking

Mercer also helps municipalities to assess factors that can improve their quality of living rankings. In a global environment, employers have many choices about where to deploy their mobile employees and set up new business. A city’s quality of living can be an important variable for employers to consider.

Leaders in many cities want to understand the specific factors that affect their residents’ quality of living and address those issues that lower a city’s overall quality-of-living ranking. Mercer advises municipalities by using a holistic approach that addresses the goals of progressing towards excellence and attracting both multinational companies and globally mobile talent by improving the elements that are measured in its Quality of Living survey.

Mercer Hardship Allowance Recommendations

Mercer evaluates local living conditions in more than 450 cities surveyed worldwide. Living conditions are analyzed according to 39 factors, grouped in 10 categories:

1.    Political and social environment (political stability, crime, law enforcement, etc.).

2.    Economic environment (currency exchange regulations, banking services).

3.    Socio-cultural environment (media availability and censorship, limitations on personal freedom).

4.    Medical and health considerations (medical supplies and services, infectious diseases, sewage, waste disposal, air pollution, etc.).

5.    Schools and education (standards and availability of international schools).

6.    Public services and transportation (electricity, water, public transportation, traffic congestion, etc.).

7.    Recreation (restaurants, theatres, cinemas, sports and leisure, etc.).

8.    Consumer goods (availability of food/daily consumption items, cars, etc.).

9.    Housing (rental housing, household appliances, furniture, maintenance services).

10.  Natural environment (climate, record of natural disasters).

 

The scores attributed to each factor, which are weighted to reflect their importance to expatriates, permit objective city-to-city comparisons. The result is a quality of living index that compares relative differences between any two locations evaluated. For the indices to be used effectively, Mercer has created a grid that enables users to link the resulting index to a quality of living allowance amount by recommending a percentage value in relation to the index.

About Mercer

Mercer is a global consulting leader in talent, health, retirement and investments. Mercer helps clients around the world advance the health, wealth and careers of their most vital asset – their people. Mercer’s more than 20,000 employees are based in 43 countries, and the firm operates in over 140 countries.  Mercer is a wholly owned subsidiary of Marsh & McLennan Companies (NYSE: MMC), a global professional services firm offering clients advice and solutions in the areas of risk, strategy, and people. With annual revenue of $13 billion and 57,000 colleagues worldwide, Marsh & McLennan Companies is also the parent company of Marsh, a leader in insurance broking and risk management; Guy Carpenter, a leader in providing risk and reinsurance intermediary services; and Oliver Wyman, a leader in management consulting. For more information, visit www.mercer.com. Follow Mercer on Twitter @Mercer.

Mercer Quality of Living Survey – 2016 Worldwide Ranking
     

 

Rank 2015**

City

Country

 

1

VIENNA

AUSTRIA

 

2

ZURICH

SWITZERLAND

 

3

AUCKLAND

NEW ZEALAND

 

4

MUNICH

GERMANY

 

5

VANCOUVER

CANADA

 

6

DUSSELDORF

GERMANY

 

7

FRANKFURT

GERMANY

 

8

GENEVA

SWITZERLAND

 

9

COPENHAGEN

DENMARK

 

10

SYDNEY

AUSTRALIA

 

11

AMSTERDAM

NETHERLANDS

 

12

WELLINGTON

NEW ZEALAND

 

13

BERLIN

GERMANY

 

14

BERN

SWITZERLAND

 

15

TORONTO

CANADA

 

15

MELBOURNE

AUSTRALIA

 

17

OTTAWA

CANADA

 

18

HAMBURG

GERMANY

 

19

LUXEMBOURG

LUXEMBOURG

 

19

STOCKHOLM

SWEDEN

 

21

BRUSSELS

BELGIUM

 

21

PERTH

AUSTRALIA

 

23

MONTREAL

CANADA

 

24

STUTTGART

GERMANY

 

24

NURNBERG

GERMANY

 

26

SINGAPORE

SINGAPORE

 

27

ADELAIDE

AUSTRALIA

 

28

SAN FRANCISCO, CA

UNITED STATES

 

28

CANBERRA

AUSTRALIA

 

30

HELSINKI

FINLAND

 

30

OSLO

NORWAY

 

32

CALGARY

CANADA

 

33

DUBLIN

IRELAND

 

34

BOSTON, MA

UNITED STATES

 

35

HONOLULU, HI

UNITED STATES

 

36

BRISBANE

AUSTRALIA

 

37

PARIS

FRANCE

 

38

LYON

FRANCE

 

39

BARCELONA

SPAIN

 

39

LONDON

UNITED KINGDOM

 

41

MILAN

ITALY

 

42

LISBON

PORTUGAL

 

43

CHICAGO, IL

UNITED STATES

 

44

NEW YORK CITY, NY

UNITED STATES

 

44

TOKYO

JAPAN

 

46

SEATTLE, WA

UNITED STATES

 

46

KOBE

JAPAN

 

46

EDINBURGH

UNITED KINGDOM

 

49

LOS ANGELES, CA

UNITED STATES

 

49

YOKOHAMA

JAPAN

 

51

WASHINGTON, DC

UNITED STATES

 

52

MADRID

SPAIN

 

53

BIRMINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM

 

53

ROME

ITALY

 

55

GLASGOW

UNITED KINGDOM

 

56

PITTSBURGH, PA

UNITED STATES

 

57

PHILADELPHIA, PA

UNITED STATES

 

58

OSAKA

JAPAN

 

59

ABERDEEN

UNITED KINGDOM

 

60

LEIPZIG

GERMANY

 

61

MINNEAPOLIS, MN

UNITED STATES

 

62

NAGOYA

JAPAN

 

63

DALLAS, TX

UNITED STATES

 

64

BELFAST

UNITED KINGDOM

 

65

HOUSTON, TX

UNITED STATES

 

66

MIAMI, FL

UNITED STATES

 

67

ATLANTA, GA

UNITED STATES

 

68

ST. LOUIS, MO

UNITED STATES

 

69

PRAGUE

CZECH REPUBLIC

 

70

DETROIT, MI

UNITED STATES

 

70

HONG KONG

HONG KONG

 

72

POINTE-A-PITRE

GUADELOUPE

 

73

SEOUL

SOUTH KOREA

 

74

SAN JUAN

PUERTO RICO

 

75

DUBAI

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

76

LJUBLJANA

SLOVENIA

 

77

BUDAPEST

HUNGARY

 

78

MONTEVIDEO

URUGUAY

 

79

VILNIUS

LITHUANIA

 

79

WARSAW

POLAND

 

81

ABU DHABI

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

82

BRATISLAVA

SLOVAKIA

 

83

PORT LOUIS

MAURITIUS

 

84

TAIPEI

TAIWAN

 

85

DURBAN

SOUTH AFRICA

 

86

KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIA

 

87

ATHENS

GREECE

 

88

LIMASSOL

CYPRUS

 

89

TALLINN

ESTONIA

 

90

RIGA

LATVIA

 

91

BUSAN

SOUTH KOREA

 

92

CAPE TOWN

SOUTH AFRICA

 

93

BUENOS AIRES

ARGENTINA

 

94

SANTIAGO

CHILE

 

95

JOHANNESBURG

SOUTH AFRICA

 

96

PANAMA CITY

PANAMA

 

97

VICTORIA

SEYCHELLES

 

98

ZAGREB

CROATIA

 

99

WROCLAW

POLAND

 

100

TAICHUNG

TAIWAN

 

101

SHANGHAI

CHINA

 

102

BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN

BRUNEI

 

103

JOHOR BAHRU

MALAYSIA

 

104

TEL AVIV

ISRAEL

 

105

SAN JOSE

COSTA RICA

 

106

BRASILIA

BRAZIL

 

107

MUSCAT

OMAN

 

108

MONTERREY

MEXICO

 

109

BUCHAREST

ROMANIA

 

110

DOHA

QATAR

 

111

NOUMEA

NEW CALEDONIA

 

112

NASSAU

BAHAMAS

 

113

TUNIS

TUNISIA

 

114

ASUNCION

PARAGUAY

 

115

SOFIA

BULGARIA

 

116

RABAT

MOROCCO

 

117

RIO DE JANEIRO

BRAZIL

 

118

BEIJING

CHINA

 

119

GUANGZHOU

CHINA

 

120

AMMAN

JORDAN

 

121

SAO PAULO

BRAZIL

 

122

ISTANBUL

TURKEY

 

123

LIMA

PERU

 

124

KUWAIT CITY

KUWAIT

 

125

MANAUS

BRAZIL

 

126

CASABLANCA

MOROCCO

 

127

MEXICO CITY

MEXICO

 

128

QUITO

ECUADOR

 

129

BANGKOK

THAILAND

 

130

BOGOTA

COLOMBIA

 

131

WINDHOEK

NAMIBIA

 

132

COLOMBO

SRI LANKA

 

133

MANAMA

BAHRAIN

 

134

CHENGDU

CHINA

 

135

SANTO DOMINGO

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

 

136

MANILA

PHILIPPINES

 

137

NANJING

CHINA

 

137

SHENZHEN

CHINA

 

139

HYDERABAD

INDIA

 

139

XIAN

CHINA

 

141

BELGRADE

SERBIA

 

142

JAKARTA

INDONESIA

 

142

GABORONE

BOTSWANA

 

144

PUNE

INDIA

 

145

BENGALURU

INDIA

 

146

CHONGQING

CHINA

 

147

PORT OF SPAIN

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

 

147

QINGDAO

CHINA

 

149

LUSAKA

ZAMBIA

 

150

CHENNAI

INDIA

 

151

KINGSTON

JAMAICA

 

152

GUATEMALA CITY

GUATEMALA

 

152

MUMBAI

INDIA

 

152

HO CHI MINH CITY

VIETNAM

 

155

HANOI

VIETNAM

 

156

LA PAZ

BOLIVIA

 

157

SHENYANG

CHINA

 

158

SARAJEVO

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

 

159

SKOPJE

MACEDONIA

 

160

KOLKATA

INDIA

 

161

NEW DELHI

INDIA

 

162

DAKAR

SENEGAL

 

163

LIBREVILLE

GABON

 

164

RIYADH

SAUDI ARABIA

 

165

JEDDAH

SAUDI ARABIA

 

166

ACCRA

GHANA

 

167

MOSCOW

RUSSIA

 

168

JILIN

CHINA

 

169

KAMPALA

UGANDA

 

170

VIENTIANE

LAOS, PEOPLE'S DEM. REPUBLIC OF

 

171

CAIRO

EGYPT

 

172

MANAGUA

NICARAGUA

 

173

SAN SALVADOR

EL SALVADOR

 

174

ST. PETERSBURG

RUSSIA

 

175

BLANTYRE

MALAWI

 

176

ALMATY

KAZAKHSTAN

 

176

KIEV

UKRAINE

 

178

MAPUTO

MOZAMBIQUE

 

179

TIRANA

ALBANIA

 

180

BEIRUT

LEBANON

 

181

COTONOU

BENIN

 

182

YEREVAN

ARMENIA

 

183

BANJUL

GAMBIA

 

184

NAIROBI

KENYA

 

185

CARACAS

VENEZUELA

 

186

TEGUCIGALPA

HONDURAS

 

187

ALGIERS

ALGERIA

 

188

TBILISI

GEORGIA

 

189

DJIBOUTI

DJIBOUTI

 

190

MINSK

BELARUS

 

191

KIGALI

RWANDA

 

191

HAVANA

CUBA

 

193

ISLAMABAD

PAKISTAN

 

194

YAOUNDE

CAMEROON

 

195

PHNOM PENH

CAMBODIA

 

196

DOUALA

CAMEROON

 

197

BAKU

AZERBAIJAN

 

198

DAR ES SALAAM

TANZANIA

 

199

LAHORE

PAKISTAN

 

199

LUANDA

ANGOLA

 

201

YANGON

MYANMAR

 

202

KARACHI

PAKISTAN

 

203

TEHRAN

IRAN

 

204

LOME

TOGO

 

205

TASHKENT

UZBEKISTAN

 

206

ABIDJAN

CÔTE D'IVOIRE

 

207

ADDIS ABABA

ETHIOPIA

 

208

ASHGABAT

TURKMENISTAN

 

209

HARARE

ZIMBABWE

 

210

BISHKEK

KYRGYZSTAN

 

211

LAGOS

NIGERIA

 

212

ABUJA

NIGERIA

 

212

DUSHANBE

TAJIKISTAN

 

214

DHAKA

BANGLADESH

 

215

OUAGADOUGOU

BURKINA FASO

 

216

TRIPOLI

LIBYA

 

217

NIAMEY

NIGER

 

218

ANTANANARIVO

MADAGASCAR

 

219

BAMAKO

MALI

 

220

NOUAKCHOTT

MAURITANIA

 

221

CONAKRY

GUINEA REPUBLIC

 

222

KINSHASA

DEMOCRATIC REP. OF THE CONGO

 

223

BRAZZAVILLE

CONGO

 

224

DAMASCUS

SYRIA

 

225

N'DJAMENA

CHAD

 

226

KHARTOUM

SUDAN

 

227

PORT AU PRINCE

HAITI

 

228

SANA'A

YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC

 

229

BANGUI

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

 

230

BAGHDAD

IRAQ

 

     

 

* Based on November 2015 Survey

 

 

     

 

         
Mercer Quality of Living Survey – 2016 Personal Safety Ranking
 

Rank 2016

City

Country

 

 

1

LUXEMBOURG

LUXEMBOURG

 

 

2

BERN

SWITZERLAND

 

 

2

HELSINKI

FINLAND

 

 

2

ZURICH

SWITZERLAND

 

 

5

VIENNA

AUSTRIA

 

 

6

GENEVA

SWITZERLAND

 

 

6

STOCKHOLM

SWEDEN

 

 

8

SINGAPORE

SINGAPORE

 

 

9

AUCKLAND

NEW ZEALAND

 

 

9

WELLINGTON

NEW ZEALAND

 

 

11

COPENHAGEN

DENMARK

 

 

11

DUSSELDORF

GERMANY

 

 

11

FRANKFURT

GERMANY

 

 

11

MUNICH

GERMANY

 

 

11

NURNBERG

GERMANY

 

 

16

AMSTERDAM

NETHERLANDS

 

 

16

CALGARY

CANADA

 

 

16

MONTREAL

CANADA

 

 

16

OTTAWA

CANADA

 

 

16

STUTTGART

GERMANY

 

 

16

TORONTO

CANADA

 

 

16

VANCOUVER

CANADA

 

 

23

ABU DHABI

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

 

24

OSLO

NORWAY

 

 

25

CANBERRA

AUSTRALIA

 

 

25

MELBOURNE

AUSTRALIA

 

 

25

PERTH

AUSTRALIA

 

 

25

SYDNEY

AUSTRALIA

 

 

29

MUSCAT

OMAN

 

 

30

DUBLIN

IRELAND

 

 

31

LJUBLJANA

SLOVENIA

 

 

32

KOBE

JAPAN

 

 

32

NAGOYA

JAPAN

 

 

32

OSAKA

JAPAN

 

 

32

TOKYO

JAPAN

 

 

32

YOKOHAMA

JAPAN

 

 

37

BERLIN

GERMANY

 

 

37

HAMBURG

GERMANY

 

 

37

HONG KONG

HONG KONG

 

 

40

DUBAI

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

 

41

BRUSSELS

BELGIUM

 

 

41

POINTE-A-PITRE

GUADELOUPE

 

 

43

LEIPZIG

GERMANY

 

 

44

ABERDEEN

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

44

EDINBURGH

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

44

GLASGOW

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

47

BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN

BRUNEI

 

 

47

LIMASSOL

CYPRUS

 

 

49

PRAGUE

CZECH REPUBLIC

 

 

50

BRATISLAVA

SLOVAKIA

 

 

51

ADELAIDE

AUSTRALIA

 

 

51

BRISBANE

AUSTRALIA

 

 

53

VILNIUS

LITHUANIA

 

 

54

BIRMINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

54

CHICAGO, IL

UNITED STATES

 

 

54

HONOLULU, HI

UNITED STATES

 

 

54

HOUSTON, TX

UNITED STATES

 

 

54

SAN FRANCISCO, CA

UNITED STATES

 

 

59

LISBON

PORTUGAL

 

 

59

PORT LOUIS

MAURITIUS

 

 

61

WROCLAW

POLAND

 

 

62

LYON

FRANCE

 

 

63

MILAN

ITALY

 

 

64

BARCELONA

SPAIN

 

 

64

BELFAST

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

66

TALLINN

ESTONIA

 

 

66

WARSAW

POLAND

 

 

68

NASSAU

BAHAMAS

 

 

68

VICTORIA

SEYCHELLES

 

 

70

DOHA

QATAR

 

 

71

PARIS

FRANCE

 

 

72

BOSTON, MA

UNITED STATES

 

 

72

LONDON

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

72

LOS ANGELES, CA

UNITED STATES

 

 

72

MINNEAPOLIS, MN

UNITED STATES

 

 

72

NEW YORK CITY, NY

UNITED STATES

 

 

72

PITTSBURGH, PA

UNITED STATES

 

 

78

TAIPEI

TAIWAN

 

 

79

BUCHAREST

ROMANIA

 

 

79

JOHOR BAHRU

MALAYSIA

 

 

79

ZAGREB

CROATIA

 

 

82

RIGA

LATVIA

 

 

82

ROME

ITALY

 

 

84

MADRID

SPAIN

 

 

85

DALLAS, TX

UNITED STATES

 

 

85

MIAMI, FL

UNITED STATES

 

 

85

PHILADELPHIA, PA

UNITED STATES

 

 

85

SEATTLE, WA

UNITED STATES

 

 

85

WASHINGTON, DC

UNITED STATES

 

 

90

NOUMEA

NEW CALEDONIA

 

 

91

KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIA

 

 

92

TAICHUNG

TAIWAN

 

 

93

BUDAPEST

HUNGARY

 

 

94

SAN JUAN

PUERTO RICO

 

 

95

BUSAN

SOUTH KOREA

 

 

96

MONTEVIDEO

URUGUAY

 

 

97

BEIJING

CHINA

 

 

97

CHENGDU

CHINA

 

 

97

CHONGQING

CHINA

 

 

97

GUANGZHOU

CHINA

 

 

97

JILIN

CHINA

 

 

97

NANJING

CHINA

 

 

97

QINGDAO

CHINA

 

 

97

SHANGHAI

CHINA

 

 

97

SHENYANG

CHINA

 

 

97

XIAN

CHINA

 

 

107

ATLANTA, GA

UNITED STATES

 

 

107

DETROIT, MI

UNITED STATES

 

 

107

ST. LOUIS, MO

UNITED STATES

 

 

110

KUWAIT CITY

KUWAIT

 

 

111

MANAUS

BRAZIL

 

 

112

SANTIAGO

CHILE

 

 

113

CHENNAI

INDIA

 

 

114

SANTO DOMINGO

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

 

 

115

HANOI

VIETNAM

 

 

115

SEOUL

SOUTH KOREA

 

 

117

PANAMA CITY

PANAMA

 

 

118

GABORONE

BOTSWANA

 

 

118

SOFIA

BULGARIA

 

 

120

SHENZHEN

CHINA

 

 

121

HYDERABAD

INDIA

 

 

122

ASUNCION

PARAGUAY

 

 

123

BENGALURU

INDIA

 

 

124

ATHENS

GREECE

 

 

125

HO CHI MINH CITY

VIETNAM

 

 

125

LUSAKA

ZAMBIA

 

 

127

RABAT

MOROCCO

 

 

128

SAN JOSE

COSTA RICA

 

 

129

AMMAN

JORDAN

 

 

129

PUNE

INDIA

 

 

131

BELGRADE

SERBIA

 

 

131

KOLKATA

INDIA

 

 

131

SARAJEVO

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

 

 

134

BRASILIA

BRAZIL

 

 

135

DJIBOUTI

DJIBOUTI

 

 

136

HAVANA

CUBA

 

 

137

DURBAN

SOUTH AFRICA

 

 

138

ACCRA

GHANA

 

 

139

MONTERREY

MEXICO

 

 

140

BLANTYRE

MALAWI

 

 

141

PORT OF SPAIN

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

 

 

142

NEW DELHI

INDIA

 

 

143

LIBREVILLE

GABON

 

 

144

TUNIS

TUNISIA

 

 

145

WINDHOEK

NAMIBIA

 

 

146

BUENOS AIRES

ARGENTINA

 

 

146

MANAGUA

NICARAGUA

 

 

146

VIENTIANE

LAOS, PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF

 

 

149

MUMBAI

INDIA

 

 

150

SKOPJE

MACEDONIA

 

 

151

MAPUTO

MOZAMBIQUE

 

 

152

MANAMA

BAHRAIN

 

 

153

COLOMBO

SRI LANKA

 

 

153

LIMA

PERU

 

 

155

JEDDAH

SAUDI ARABIA

 

 

155

RIYADH

SAUDI ARABIA

 

 

157

CASABLANCA

MOROCCO

 

 

158

DAKAR

SENEGAL

 

 

159

LA PAZ

BOLIVIA

 

 

160

KIGALI

RWANDA

 

 

161

QUITO

ECUADOR

 

 

162

BAKU

AZERBAIJAN

 

 

163

BANJUL

GAMBIA

 

 

163

TIRANA

ALBANIA

 

 

165

MEXICO CITY

MEXICO

 

 

166

KAMPALA

UGANDA

 

 

166

YEREVAN

ARMENIA

 

 

168

DOUALA

CAMEROON

 

 

168

YAOUNDE

CAMEROON

 

 

170

CAPE TOWN

SOUTH AFRICA

 

 

171

MINSK

BELARUS

 

 

172

JAKARTA

INDONESIA

 

 

173

BANGKOK

THAILAND

 

 

174

COTONOU

BENIN

 

 

175

ALMATY

KAZAKHSTAN

 

 

175

LUANDA

ANGOLA

 

 

177

DAR ES SALAAM

TANZANIA

 

 

178

JOHANNESBURG

SOUTH AFRICA

 

 

179

TBILISI

GEORGIA

 

 

180

NIAMEY

NIGER

 

 

181

SAN SALVADOR

EL SALVADOR

 

 

182

ASHGABAT

TURKMENISTAN

 

 

182

MANILA

PHILIPPINES

 

 

184

TEL AVIV

ISRAEL

 

 

185

RIO DE JANEIRO

BRAZIL

 

 

186

GUATEMALA CITY

GUATEMALA

 

 

187

ANTANANARIVO

MADAGASCAR

 

 

187

LOME

TOGO

 

 

189

KIEV

UKRAINE

 

 

189

YANGON

MYANMAR

 

 

191

BOGOTA

COLOMBIA

 

 

192

SAO PAULO

BRAZIL

 

 

193

OUAGADOUGOU

BURKINA FASO

 

 

194

ALGIERS

ALGIERIA

 

 

194

DUSHANBE

TAJIKISTAN

 

 

194

TASHKENT

UZBEKISTAN

 

 

197

ADDIS ABABA

ETHIOPIA

 

 

197

ST. PETERSBURG

RUSSIA

 

 

199

KINGSTON

JAMAICA

 

 

200

TEHRAN

IRAN

 

 

201

TEGUCIGALPA

HONDURAS

 

 

202

ISTANBUL

TURKEY

 

 

203

NOUAKCHOTT

MAURITANIA

 

 

204

PHNOM PENH

CAMBODIA

 

 

205

HARARE

ZIMBABWE

 

 

206

MOSCOW

RUSSIA

 

 

207

BRAZZAVILLE

CONGO

 

 

208

ABIDJAN

COTE D'IVOIRE

 

 

209

DHAKA

BANGLADESH

 

 

210

BISHKEK

KYRGYZSTAN

 

 

211

PORT AU PRINCE

HAITI

 

 

212

BAMAKO

MALI

 

 

213

BEIRUT

LEBANON

 

 

 

214

CARACAS

VENEZUELA

 

 

215

N'DJAMENA

CHAD

 

 

216

ABUJA

NIGERIA

 

 

216

CAIRO

EGYPT

 

 

218

ISLAMABAD

PAKISTAN

 

 

218

LAGOS

NIGERIA

 

 

218

LAHORE

PAKISTAN

 

 

218

TRIPOLI

LIBYA

 

 

222

KHARTOUM

SUDAN

 

 

223

CONAKRY

GUINEA REPUBLIC

 

 

224

NAIROBI

KENYA

 

 

225

KARACHI

PAKISTAN

 

 

226

KINSHASA

DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO

 

 

227

BANGUI

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

 

 

228

SANA'A

YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC

 

 

229

DAMASCUS

SYRIA

 

 

230

BAGHDAD

IRAQ

 

 

     

 

 

* Based on November 2015 Survey

 

 

 

     

 

 

           

The personal Safety Ranking is based on the following criteria: Relationship with other countries, Internal Stability, Crime and Law Enforcement

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