ERISA pre-empts Vermont's all-payer claims database (APCD) reporting law, the US Supreme Court has ruled. The court held the state statute imposes duties that are inconsistent with ERISA's central design of providing a uniform national scheme for plan administration without interference from multiple state laws. Vermont's law requires all health plan payers to report to state regulators an array of claims and other data about their plans. APCD laws have taken effect or are planned in at least 18 states and several other states have considered such a program. The ruling limits state databases' potential to improve health care transparency but relieves ERISA plan sponsors of complying with multiple APCD laws.
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